The nine-county Memphis metro area lost more than 34,000 residents to people moving elsewhere between 2010 and 2019, according to recently released U. S. Census Bureau estimates.

The 2020 Census, which is now underway, will determine whether that estimate is correct. More than 50 percent of the nation’s households have responded and filed information for the once-a-decade federal count of the country’s population.

Field data collection has been temporarily suspended because of the COVID-19 pandemic, but census officials are urging people who have not yet filed their information using the Internet, telephone or mail to do so.

The officials are taking steps to reactivate field offices starting June 1. Also, the Census Bureau has asked Congress to approve an additional 120 days to receive self responses and for officials to carry out the count in the community of people who have not filed their information.

The request would extend the time for field data collection to Oct. 31. That would allow the bureau to deliver the counts for apportionment of the U. S. House of Representatives to the president by April 30, 2021, and to give redistricting data to the states no later than July 1, 2021.

The estimates of the populations of the nation’s metro areas and counties on July 1, 2019, were released in late March. They show the Memphis metro area with 1,346,045 residents, a 29,945 increase from 1,316,100 in 2010.

However, the figures show the area had 64,370 more births than deaths during that period. If the estimates are correct, they reflect that 34,427 more people moved away than moved into the area.

The estimates also show that the area had a net gain of 13,637 movers from outside the United States and a net loss of 48,158 movers to elsewhere in the United States.

Numbers in recent decades have shown that Shelby County has had by far the area’s largest loss from people moving. The figures this decade have reflected that most of the people leaving are going elsewhere in the United States rather than to surrounding counties.

The 2019 population estimate for Shelby County is 937,166, a 9,484 increase from 927,682 in 2010. During that time period, Shelby had more than 40,000 more births than deaths.

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